CenTOS6.0 Linux安装VMware Tools方法

2011年12月10日

原帖地址:http://www.myzhenai.com/thread-14222-1-1.html
VMware8.0里安装的CenTOS6.0 Linux系统,安装VMware Tools的方法很简单,在VMware工具栏上点击“虚拟机”-安装VMware Tools菜单,在CenTOS6.0 Linux系统里会弹出一个光驱图标,双击这个图标进入光驱,将光驱里的VMwareTools-8.8.0-471268.tar.gz文件复制到/home/目录下,然后右键点击这个文件。解压缩到此处,

CenTOS6.0应用程序菜单里点击“应用程序”-附件-终端,弹出一个终端程序,在终端程序里输入
cd /home/vmware-tools-distrib

./vmware-install.pl
剩下的就是一路回车,

[root@localhost ~]# cd /home/vmware-tools-distrib
[root@localhost vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
A previous installation of VMware Tools has been detected.

The previous installation was made by the tar installer (version 4).

Keeping the tar4 installer database format.

You have a version of VMware Tools installed. Continuing this install will
first uninstall the currently installed version. Do you wish to continue?
(yes/no) [yes] yes

Uninstalling the tar installation of VMware Tools.

Stopping services for VMware Tools

initctl: Unknown instance:
File /usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/gtk-2.0/gdk-pixbuf.loaders is
backed up to
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/gtk-2.0/gdk-pixbuf.loaders.old.3.

File /usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/pango/pangorc is backed up to
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/pango/pangorc.old.3.

This program previously created the file
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/libconf/etc/pango/pangorc, and was about to remove it.
Somebody else apparently did it already.

File /etc/vmware-tools/vmware-user.desktop is backed up to
/etc/vmware-tools/vmware-user.desktop.old.3.

This program previously created the file
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/pango/pango.modules, and was about to
remove it. Somebody else apparently did it already.

This program previously created the file
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/libconf/etc/gtk-2.0/gdk-pixbuf.loaders, and was about to
remove it. Somebody else apparently did it already.

File /usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/gtk-2.0/gtk.immodules is backed up
to /usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/gtk-2.0/gtk.immodules.old.3.

This program previously created the file
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/libconf/etc/gtk-2.0/gtk.immodules, and was about to
remove it. Somebody else apparently did it already.

This program previously created the file
/usr/lib/vmware-tools/lib32/libconf/etc/pango/pangox.aliases, and was about to
remove it. Somebody else apparently did it already.

正在关闭 HAL 守护进程: [确定]
启动 HAL 守护进程: [确定]
The removal of VMware Tools 8.8.0 build-471268 for Linux completed
successfully.

Installing VMware Tools.

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?
[/etc/rc.d]

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

The path “/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools” does not exist currently. This program
is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you
want? [yes] yes

The installation of VMware Tools 8.8.0 build-471268 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: “/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl”.

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: “/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl”. Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] yes

Initializing…

Making sure services for VMware Tools are stopped.

[EXPERIMENTAL] The VMware FileSystem Sync Driver (vmsync) is a new feature that
creates backups of virtual machines. Please refer to the VMware Knowledge Base
for more details on this capability. Do you wish to enable this feature?
[yes] yes

Before you can compile modules, you need to have the following installed…

make
gcc
kernel headers of the running kernel

Searching for GCC…
Detected GCC binary at “/usr/bin/gcc”.
The path “/usr/bin/gcc” appears to be a valid path to the gcc binary.
Would you like to change it? [no] no

Searching for a valid kernel header path…
The path “” is not a valid path to the 2.6.32-71.29.1.el6.centos.plus.i686
kernel headers.
Would you like to change it? [yes] no

WARNING: This program cannot compile any modules for the following reason(s)…

– This program could not find a valid path to the kernel headers of the running
kernel. Please ensure that the header files for the running kernel are
installed on this sytem.

[ Press Enter key to continue ]

The file system sync driver (vmsync) is only used to create safe backups of the
virtual machine. The rest of the software provided by VMware Tools is designed
to work independently of this feature.
If you wish to have the vmsync feature, you can install the driver by running
vmware-config-tools.pl again after making sure that gcc, binutils, make and the
kernel sources for your running kernel are installed on your machine. These
packages are available on your distribution’s installation CD.
[ Press Enter key to continue ]

The communication service is used in addition to the standard communication
between the guest and the host. The rest of the software provided by VMware
Tools is designed to work independently of this feature.
If you wish to have the VMCI feature, you can install the driver by running
vmware-config-tools.pl again after making sure that gcc, binutils, make and the
kernel sources for your running kernel are installed on your machine. These
packages are available on your distribution’s installation CD.
[ Press Enter key to continue ]

The VM communication interface socket family is used in conjunction with the VM
communication interface to provide a new communication path among guests and
host. The rest of this software provided by VMware Tools is designed to work
independently of this feature. If you wish to have the VSOCK feature you can
install the driver by running vmware-config-tools.pl again after making sure
that gcc, binutils, make and the kernel sources for your running kernel are
installed on your machine. These packages are available on your distribution’s
installation CD.
[ Press the Enter key to continue.]

The module vmxnet3 has already been installed on this system by another
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. Use the flag
–clobber-kernel-modules=vmxnet3 to override.

The module pvscsi has already been installed on this system by another
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. Use the flag
–clobber-kernel-modules=pvscsi to override.

The module vmmemctl has already been installed on this system by another
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. Use the flag
–clobber-kernel-modules=vmmemctl to override.

The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS
and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish
to enable this feature? [yes] yes

The fast network device driver (vmxnet module) is used only for our fast
networking interface. The rest of the software provided by VMware Tools is
designed to work independently of this feature.
If you wish to have the fast network driver enabled, you can install the driver
by running vmware-config-tools.pl again after making sure that gcc, binutils,
make and the kernel sources for your running kernel are installed on your
machine. These packages are available on your distribution’s installation CD.
[ Press Enter key to continue ]

!!! [EXPERIMENTAL] !!!
VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of
VMware kernel modules at boot they are not already present. By selecting yes,
you will be enabling this experimental feature. You can always disable this
feature by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl.

Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules?
[yes] yes

Disabling timer-based audio scheduling in pulseaudio.

Detected X server version 1.7.7

正在关闭 HAL 守护进程: [确定]
启动 HAL 守护进程: [确定]

X is running fine with the new config file.

Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel.
vmware-tools start/running
The configuration of VMware Tools 8.8.0 build-471268 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking “/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox-cmd” from the
command line or by invoking “/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox” from the command line
during an X server session.

To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and
file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following:
1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user
2. Log out and log back into your desktop session; and,
3. Restart your X session.

Enjoy,

–the VMware team

[root@localhost vmware-tools-distrib]#


如果终端程序提示要求输入GCC路径,那么有可能是你没有安装GCC,可以点击CenTOS面板上的“系统”菜单,管理-添加/删除文件,打开YUM程序,在里边搜索GCC。然后勾选相应的选项并应用,安装完成后,重新启动终端程序重复上面的步骤。


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